Opuscula Math. 34, no. 2 (2014), 339-362
http://dx.doi.org/10.7494/OpMath.2014.34.2.339

Opuscula Mathematica

# About sign-constancy of Green's functions for impulsive second order delay equations

Alexander Domoshnitsky
Guy Landsman
Shlomo Yanetz

Abstract. We consider the following second order differential equation with delay $\begin{cases} (Lx)(t)\equiv{x''(t)+\sum_{j=1}^p {b_{j}(t)x(t-\theta_{j}(t))}}=f(t), \quad t\in[0,\omega],\\ x(t_j)=\gamma_{j}x(t_j-0), x'(t_j)=\delta_{j}x'(t_j-0), \quad j=1,2,\ldots,r. \end{cases}$ In this paper we find necessary and sufficient conditions of positivity of Green's functions for this impulsive equation coupled with one or two-point boundary conditions in the form of theorems about differential inequalities. By choosing the test function in these theorems, we obtain simple sufficient conditions. For example, the inequality $$\sum_{i=1}^p{b_i(t)\left(\frac{1}{4}+r\right)}\lt \frac{2}{\omega^2}$$ is a basic one, implying negativity of Green's function of two-point problem for this impulsive equation in the case $$0\lt \gamma_i\leq{1}$$, $$0\lt \delta_i\leq{1}$$ for $$i=1,\ldots ,p$$.

Keywords: impulsive equations, Green's functions, positivity/negativity of Green's functions, boundary value problem, second order.

Mathematics Subject Classification: 34K10, 34B37, 34A40, 34A37, 34K48.

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• Alexander Domoshnitsky
• Ariel University, Department of Computer Science and Mathematics, 44837 Ariel, Israel
• Guy Landsman
• Bar Ilan University, Department of Mathematics, 52990 Ramat-Gan, Israel
• Shlomo Yanetz
• Bar Ilan University, Department of Mathematics, 52990 Ramat-Gan, Israel
• Revised: 2013-12-14.
• Accepted: 2014-01-27. 