Opuscula Math. 32, no. 4 (2012), 715-718

Opuscula Mathematica

A note on the independent roman domination in unicyclic graphs

Mustapha Chellali
Nader Jafari Rad

Abstract. A Roman dominating function (RDF) on a graph \(G = (V;E)\) is a function \(f : V \to \{0, 1, 2\}\) satisfying the condition that every vertex \(u\) for which \(f(u) = 0\) is adjacent to at least one vertex \(v\) for which \(f(v) = 2\). The weight of an RDF is the value \(f(V(G)) = \sum _{u \in V (G)} f(u)\). An RDF \(f\) in a graph \(G\) is independent if no two vertices assigned positive values are adjacent. The Roman domination number \(\gamma _R (G)\) (respectively, the independent Roman domination number \(i_{R}(G)\)) is the minimum weight of an RDF (respectively, independent RDF) on \(G\). We say that \(\gamma _R (G)\) strongly equals \(i_R (G)\), denoted by \(\gamma _R (G) \equiv i_R (G)\), if every RDF on \(G\) of minimum weight is independent. In this note we characterize all unicyclic graphs \(G\) with \(\gamma _R (G) \equiv i_R (G)\).

Keywords: Roman domination, independent Roman domination, strong equality.

Mathematics Subject Classification: 05C69.

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  • Mustapha Chellali
  • University of Blida, LAMDA-RO Laboratory, Department of Mathematics B.P. 270, Blida, Algeria
  • Nader Jafari Rad
  • Shahrood University of Technology, Department of Mathematics Shahrood, Iran
  • Received: 2011-01-10.
  • Revised: 2012-05-02.
  • Accepted: 2012-05-07.
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Cite this article as:
Mustapha Chellali, Nader Jafari Rad, A note on the independent roman domination in unicyclic graphs, Opuscula Math. 32, no. 4 (2012), 715-718, http://dx.doi.org/10.7494/OpMath.2012.32.4.715

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