Opuscula Math. 40, no. 4 (2020), 427-449

Opuscula Mathematica

An inverse backward problem for degenerate two-dimensional parabolic equation

Khalid Atifi
El-Hassan Essoufi
Bouchra Khouiti

Abstract. This paper deals with the determination of an initial condition in the degenerate two-dimensional parabolic equation \[\partial_{t}u-\mathrm{div}\left(a(x,y)I_2\nabla u\right)=f,\quad (x,y)\in\Omega,\; t\in(0,T),\] where \(\Omega\) is an open, bounded subset of \(\mathbb{R}^2\), \(a \in C^1(\bar{\Omega})\) with \(a\geqslant 0\) everywhere, and \(f\in L^{2}(\Omega \times (0,T))\), with initial and boundary conditions \[u(x,y,0)=u_0(x,y), \quad u\mid_{\partial\Omega}=0,\] from final observations. This inverse problem is formulated as a minimization problem using the output least squares approach with the Tikhonov regularization. To show the convergence of the descent method, we prove the Lipschitz continuity of the gradient of the Tikhonov functional. Also we present some numerical experiments to show the performance and stability of the proposed approach.

Keywords: data assimilation, adjoint method, regularization, heat equation, inverse problem, degenerate equations, optimization.

Mathematics Subject Classification: 15A29, 47A52, 34A38, 93C20, 60J70, 35K05, 35K65.

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  • Khalid Atifi (corresponding author)
  • ORCID iD https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6425-0015
  • Laboratoire de Mathématiques, Informatique et Sciences de l'ingénieur (MISI), Université Hassan 1, Settat 26000, Morocco
  • Communicated by Massimiliano Ferrara.
  • Received: 2019-02-25.
  • Revised: 2020-03-31.
  • Accepted: 2020-04-03.
  • Published online: 2020-07-09.
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Cite this article as:
Khalid Atifi, El-Hassan Essoufi, Bouchra Khouiti, An inverse backward problem for degenerate two-dimensional parabolic equation, Opuscula Math. 40, no. 4 (2020), 427-449, https://doi.org/10.7494/OpMath.2020.40.4.427

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