Opuscula Math. 38, no. 6 (2018), 849-857
https://doi.org/10.7494/OpMath.2018.38.6.849

Opuscula Mathematica

# Circulant matrices: norm, powers, and positivity

Marko Lindner

Abstract. In their recent paper "The spectral norm of a Horadam circulant matrix", Merikoski, Haukkanen, Mattila and Tossavainen study under which conditions the spectral norm of a general real circulant matrix $${\bf C}$$ equals the modulus of its row/column sum. We improve on their sufficient condition until we have a necessary one. Our results connect the above problem to positivity of sufficiently high powers of the matrix $${\bf C^\top C}$$. We then generalize the result to complex circulant matrices.

Keywords: spectral norm, circulant matrix, eventually positive semigroups.

Mathematics Subject Classification: 15A60, 15B05, 15B48.

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