Opuscula Math. 37, no. 4 (2017), 491-500
Colourings of (k-r,k)-trees
H. P. Patil
Abstract. Trees are generalized to a special kind of higher dimensional complexes known as \((j,k)\)-trees ([L. W. Beineke, R. E. Pippert, On the structure of \((m,n)\)-trees, Proc. 8th S-E Conf. Combinatorics, Graph Theory and Computing, 1977, 75-80]), and which are a natural extension of \(k\)-trees for \(j=k-1\). The aim of this paper is to study\((k-r,k)\)-trees ([H. P. Patil, Studies on \(k\)-trees and some related topics, PhD Thesis, University of Warsaw, Poland, 1984]), which are a generalization of \(k\)-trees (or usual trees when \(k=1\)). We obtain the chromatic polynomial of \((k-r,k)\)-trees and show that any two \((k-r,k)\)-trees of the same order are chromatically equivalent. However, if \(r\neq 1\) in any \((k-r,k)\)-tree \(G\), then it is shown that there exists another chromatically equivalent graph \(H\), which is not a \((k-r,k)\)-tree. Further, the vertex-partition number and generalized total colourings of \((k-r,k)\)-trees are obtained. We formulate a conjecture about the chromatic index of \((k-r,k)\)-trees, and verify this conjecture in a number of cases. Finally, we obtain a result of [M. Borowiecki, W. Chojnacki, Chromatic index of \(k\)-trees, Discuss. Math. 9 (1988), 55-58] as a corollary in which \(k\)-trees of Class 2 are characterized.
Keywords: chromatic polynomial, partition number, colouring, tree.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 05C75.