Opuscula Math. 31, no. 2 (2011), 153-158

Opuscula Mathematica

A note on global alliances in trees

Mohamed Bouzefrane
Mustapha Chellali

Abstract. For a graph \(G=(V,E)\), a set \(S\subseteq V\) is a dominating set if every vertex in \(V-S\) has at least a neighbor in \(S\). A dominating set \(S\) is a global offensive (respectively, defensive) alliance if for each vertex in \(V-S\) (respectively, in \(S\)) at least half the vertices from the closed neighborhood of \(v\) are in \(S\). The domination number \(\gamma(G)\) is the minimum cardinality of a dominating set of \(G\), and the global offensive alliance number \(\gamma_{o}(G)\) (respectively, global defensive alliance number \(\gamma_{a}(G)\)) is the minimum cardinality of a global offensive alliance (respectively, global deffensive alliance) of \(G\). We show that if \(T\) is a tree of order \(n\), then \(\gamma_{o}(T)\leq 2\gamma(T)-1\) and if \(n\geq 3\), then \(\gamma_{o}(T)\leq \frac{3}{2}\gamma_{a}(T)-1\). Moreover, all extremal trees attaining the first bound are characterized.

Keywords: global defensive alliance, global offensive alliance, domination, trees.

Mathematics Subject Classification: 05C69.

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Cite this article as:
Mohamed Bouzefrane, Mustapha Chellali, A note on global alliances in trees, Opuscula Math. 31, no. 2 (2011), 153-158, http://dx.doi.org/10.7494/OpMath.2011.31.2.153

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