Opuscula Math. 24, no. 2 (2004), 177-180

Opuscula Mathematica

Nearly perfect sets in products of graphs

Maria Kwaśnik
Monika Perl

Abstract. The study of nearly perfect sets in graphs was initiated in [Dunbar J. E., Harris F. C., Hedetniemi S. M., Hedetniemi S. T., McRae A. A., Laskar R. C.: Nearly perfect sets in graphs. Discrete Mathematics 138 (1995), 229-246]. Let \(S\subseteq V(G)\). We say that \(S\) is a nearly perfect set (or is nearly perfect) in \(G\) if every vertex in \(V(G)-S\) is adjacent to at most one vertex in \(S\). A nearly perfect set \(S\) in \(G\) is called maximal if for every vertex \(u\in V(G)-S\), \(S\cup \{u\}\) is not nearly perfect in \(G\). The minimum cardinality of a maximal nearly perfect set is denoted by \(n_p(G)\). It is our purpose in this paper to determine maximal nearly perfect sets in two well-known products of two graphs; i.e., in the Cartesian product and in the strong product. Lastly, we give upper bounds of \(n_p(G_1\times G_2)\) and \(n_p(G_1\otimes G_2)\), for some special graphs \(G_1\), \(G_2\).

Keywords: dominating sets, product of graphs.

Mathematics Subject Classification: 05C69, 05C70.

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Maria Kwaśnik, Monika Perl, Nearly perfect sets in products of graphs, Opuscula Math. 24, no. 2 (2004), 177-180

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